‘Abstract’ is a term used to define an idea or a random thought that is just imaginary but not does not has any physical or realistic presence. Coming to the origin of abstract art, it was developed in the West during 19th century. It emerged as a corresponding item to the practical style, which is painted in an extremely imagery manner to make it look as real as possible.

Abstract art uses shapes, colors, forms, and textures to output a wanted effect. The abstract artists look into realistic problems of humans by experimenting with various styles and forms. They attempt to turn dSreams and unconscious thoughts of people into reality through abstract paintings. You will be amazed to know that some artists even invented different techniques as well as games to boost up their imagination. This specific art form gave a new status to the world of art- where exposition dominates expressive feature of art. It eventually brought a larger change in the art world during the 19th century.


This Abstract art guide is incomplete without the discussion of the category pioneer. Yes, the person who initiated the development of abstract art deserves a mention here. Wassily Kandinsky, a Russian painting as well as art theorist is said to be the pioneer of abstract artwork. You must be curious about his very first abstract painting; he painted ‘Untitled (Study for Composition VII, Premiere Abstraction)’ in 1913.

On one hand, many people believe that Wassily Kandinsky was the first abstract painter but some people said that the first abstract painting was created by a Swedish lady ‘Hilma Af Klint’  in 1906 in her private studio. Also, it was believed that Kandinsky and Hilma had a same thoughts and methodology for abstractionism. And, the shocking fact is that Hilma didn’t know anything about Kandinsky at that time. Additionally, she never showed her abstract artwork in any of the exhibitions during her life rather she was recognized as a portrait and landscape painter!


Abstract paintings emerged as a solution to the strict representational approach in the world of art during that century. However, as time passed, the artists felt the need for freedom from such strictness of representational art, and they moved towards development of abstract art and abstractionism. From emotions to thoughts, science to politics, and everything in and around them was painted on the canvas without any rules and strictness.

Here are some developments made by Artists towards Abstractionism:

  1. Realism to Expressionism

Initially from the period 1830-1900, a change from realism to expressionism took place. During this period, the 2 famous abstract paintings were ‘Nocturnes’ designed by James Abbot McNeill, and ‘Water Lily’ done by Monet.

  1. Post-Impressionism

Secondly, a movement was started by Vincent Van Gogh, Paul Cezzane, and Paul Gauguin against reality of impressionism that is named as Post-impressionism. Talking about the main paintings during this movement included ‘Starry Nights’, Tahitian Woman’, and ‘The Basket of Apples’.

  1. Art Nouveau

During 1890-1910, Art Nouveau was developed as an applied and decorative style of art. Its main idea was based on natural structures and forms. Antoni Gaudi from Barcelona was a main artist who supported this specific style of art in the Catalan area. Apart from him, Gustav Klimt and Alphonse Mucha were also amongst the supporters of Art Nouveau.

  1. Cubism

After Art Nouveau, Cubism was developed that included 3 main branches- Analytical Cubism, Proto-Cubist Painting, & Synthetic Cubism. It was brought by Georges Braque, Pablo Picasso, Juan Gris, and Fernand Leger.

  1. Futurism

Futurism is another development made to the world of abstract art. It was done by Marinetti in the foreign country ‘Italy’. It emerged as a rejection of the conventional forms as well as an acknowledgement of contemporary technology and science.

  1. Gestural Abstraction

Gestural Abstraction, also known as Action painting was brought by Jackson Pollock, an American painter. Here, the paint can be splashed, dribbled or smeared on to the painting canvas. The end result looks seriously innovative and artistic.


Every art form has some famous styles and so is with Abstract art. Below are 5 famous abstract art styles that impress people a lot.

  1. Surrealism
  2. Futurism
  3. Orphism
  4. Rayonism
  5. De Stijl


If you want to bring abstract paintings home to achieve a new interior look and style, here the 5 best-selling abstract paintings from the collection of the Bimba:

  1. Three Musicians Modern Abstract Paintings by Pablo Picasso
  2. Panic Modern Abstract Painting by Wassily Kandinsky
  3. Untitled Abstract Paintings by Henry Taylor
  4. The Starry Night by Vincent Van Gogh
  5. Friendship Abstract Painting by Pablo Picasso

So, hopefully you have now got a lot of details about how abstract paintings were developed, the famous abstract art styles, and best-selling abstract paintings from the famous artists across the world.

Check out our collection to buy abstract paintings online at the most reasonable prices. We, at the Bimba, offer the best quality paintings for interior décor!

January 27, 2022 — Team Bimba